What is interesting about Azerbaijan culture!!

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The culture of Azerbaijan integrates a distinct and heterogeneous bunch of aspects which improved under the effect of Turkic, Iranic and Caucasian cultures. The region possesses unusual cookery, publications, class craft, and music.
Azerbaijan is the recent name of a notable, geographic area on the boundary of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, once realized as Aran by the Persian kingdoms and Albania by the Greeks. It is trotted by the Caspian Sea on the east, Dagestan on the north, Georgia on the northwest, Armenia and Turkey on the southwest, and Iran on the south. Although Azerbaijan is a cottage to several ethnic factions, ten million nations are Azerbaijanis.

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The origin, culture, and culture of Azerbaijan retain aged and contemporary cores. Its civilization is speculated to be a child of aged civilizations that contain indigenous Caucasian Albanian societies, such as the Scythians and Alans, and the overdue Oghuz Turks.

“Caucasian Albania”

Parthian Empire and Muslim conquest of Persia

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Caucasian Albanians are understood to be the fastest citizens of the soil, north of the Aras, which is present-day Azerbaijan. Fast appearances comprised the Iranian Scythians during the 9th century BC.
1:The South Caucasus existed overthrown by the Persian Achaemenid Empire around 550 BC.
2:Zoroastrianism lived already popular among the Medes in the soils enclosing the Aras. The Achaemenids occurred won by Alexander the Great in 330 BC. Later the fall of the Seleucid Empire in Persia in 247 BC and its procession by the Parthian Empire, the Caucasian Albanians organized a country in the 1st century BC and continued vastly dominant under Parthian regulation until the Sasanian Empire earned the nation a region in 252 AD.
3: The Arsacid king Urnayr adopted Christianity as the government faith in the fourth century, and Caucasian Albania was a Christian government until the eighth century.
4:Sasanid’s supervision expired with their downfall by Muslim Arabs in 642.

               Islamic period:

For centuries before Islam completed in Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia, the country lived under Sassanid Iranian rule; before that, it existed ordered by Parthian Iranians. Muslim Arabs won the Sassanids and the Byzantine Empire as they hiked into the Caucasus. They earned Caucasian Albania a vassal government after Christian resistance, led by Prince Javanshir, resigned in 667. Between the ninth and 10th centuries, Arab writers related to the region between the Kura and Aras as Arran

Arabs from Basra and Kufa arrived in Aran, occupied soils renounced by the indigenous worlds, and served a land-owning elite.
Despite pouches of renewed hostility, maximum occupants of Azerbaijan transformed to Islam. During the 10th and 11th centuries, the Kurdish Shaddadid and Rawadid empires ordered quantities of Aran.
Seljuks and inheritor governments
The Seljuk Empire may maintain lived extra pivotal than Azerbaijan’s Arab success since it enabled the mood of the individuality of different Azerbaijani Turks. After the reduction of the Abbasid Caliphate, Azerbaijan prevailed ordered by the Iranian Sallarid, Sajid, and Shaddadid dynasties. At the inception of the 11th century, rushes of Oghuz Turks came from Central Asia. The first declaration Turkic dynasty stood by the Ghaznavids, from present-day northern Afghanistan, who appropriated the role of Azerbaijan by 1030. They existed ensued by the Seljuks, a western district of the Oghuz, who destroyed Iran and the Caucasus squeezing onto Iraq and toppling the Buyid dynasty in Baghdad in 1055.

                   Shirvanshahs

Shīrwān Shāh or Sharwān Shāh was the ownership in medieval Islamic Azerbaijan for the commander of the Shirvan region
The Shirvanshahs organized a dynasty which ordered Aran and portions of Dagestan, in expand to Shirvan, and lived one of the Islamic world’s longest-lasting rules.

        Safavids and the growth of Shia Islam

The Safaviyeh occurred a Sufi spiritual rule set during the 1330s by Safi-ad-din Ardabili (1252–1334), for whom it existed called. The law was modified to the Twelver district of Shia Islam by the end of the 15th century. Few Safaviyeh, notably the Qizilbash Turks, thought of the ghostly and magical climate of their authorities and their connection to the cottage of Ali and occurred predisposed to protest for them. The Safavid dynasty asserted to be plummeted from Ali and his wife, Fatimah (daughter of Muhammad), through the seventh Imam Musa al-Kazim. The Qizilbash increased in number increased by the 16th century; their commanders prevailed triumphantly against the Ak Koyunlu alliance and caught Tabriz. Safavid Iran, directed by Ismail I, boosted its basis, firing Baku in 1501 and oppressing the Shirvanshahs.

       "from Iranian to Russian rule"

The country of Aran possessed lived under Persian-based empires for millennia; the last one was ordered by the Qajar dominion. After its collapse by the Russian Empire, Qajar Persia endorsed the 1813 Treaty of Gulistan ceding Aran, Dagestan and Georgia to Russia.
Provincial khanates, as awful as those in Baku and Ganja, stood abolished or approved Russian law. 1826–1828 Russo-Persian battle commenced with a Russian route but expired with a final loss for the Iranian legion. The Russian Empire authorized the words of the 1828 Treaty of Turkmenchay, in which the Qajars ceded their remaining Caucasian territories.
The pact organized the frontiers of Tsarist Russia and Iran. In the Russian-controlled territories, two regions were defined which delayed composed head of the recent republic: Elisavetpol (Ganja) in the west, and Shamakhi in the east.

 Azerbaijan Democratic Republic

Later the Russian Empire slumped in 1917, and the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic stood organized in Tbilisi on May 28, 1918, obeying an abortive experiment to verify the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic with Armenia and Georgia.
The term “Azerbaijan” which the directing Musavat club accepted, for political explanations,
lived, before the association of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic in 1918, and breathed fully employed to recognize the contiguous province of new northwestern Iran.
The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic lived in one of the Islamic world’s initial democratic republics.
The ADR expanded the franchise to women, preparing Azerbaijan as the first Muslim state in the world to give men and women proportional political liberties and organized Baku State University.

          Architecture

Azerbaijani architecture integrated Eastern and Western ingredients. Many medieval towers, such as Baku’s Maiden Tower and the Palace of the Shirvanshahs, are Iranian. Other instances of Iranian influence comprise the Shaki Khanate fort in Shaki, north-central Azerbaijan; the Surakhany Temple on the Apsheron Peninsula; many bridges traversing the Aras, and numerous mausoleums. Although little vast architecture prevailed built during the 19th and early 20th centuries, distinctive buildings were erected in Baku and elsewhere. The Baku Metro is pointed out for its scenery.

           19th century

Azerbaijan’s 19th-century architecture lived affected by the development of communities get, the request of Russian town-planning laws and the formats of Ganja, Shemakha and Baku. Later northern Azerbaijan existed turned into Russia, and theatres, institutes, hospitals and houses prevailed built during the mid-19th century. Azerbaijan’s oil enterprise commenced affecting the country’s architecture, as Baku was serving as one of Russia’s largest cities.

          20th century

The initial phase of Azerbaijan’s architectural improvement during the Soviet era prevailed communicated to the structure of the payments of Binagadi, Rasulzade, Bakikhanov, Montino and Mammadyarov around Baku. Payments in Absheron Rayon occurred in the initial criteria of Soviet architecture.

Many universities existed manufactured in Baku and other Azerbaijani municipalities between 1933 and 1936. Four-story skyscrapers, modelled by S.Dadashov and M.Useynov in Baku and other towns, are defined by their expressiveness. Traditional configurations, integrated with federal architecture ceremonies, are ordinary in the programs.

Neft Daşları (also known as the Oil Rocks), a steel-pillar territory in the clear ocean, hailed a current age of post-war architecture. Built-in rapport with the spotting of wealthy oil spaces in the Caspian Sea in 1949, it contains houses, artistic items and overpasses.

A recent time of town-building and architectural improvement started in Azerbaijan during the 1960s. Baku (the capital) improved during the decade, and the city’s architecture interpreted its impression.

                  cinema

Azerbaijan’s film enterprise dates back to 1898 in Baku.[19]

            cuisines

Azerbaijani cuisine, involved in the sustenance of other populations, also has diverse traits. Various sustenance which is indigenous to the government arises in the cuisines of extra societies. Azerbaijani cuisine is deeply influenced by the country’s record, notions and implications.

         Pomegranate festival

The annual Goychay Pomegranate Festival, usually kept in October, headlines pomegranates from Goychay District, a procession, and formal Azerbaijani dances and music.

            dance

Azerbaijani dances are ancient and musical. They are danced at traditional festivals, and the dancers scour gala clothing. The dances are quickly and expect a skill.[ Azerbaijani clothes are protected in its federal dances

             Utensil art

The primary ingredients of Azerbaijani culture are its cosmetic and applied arts. They are characterized by a vast expanse of handicrafts, awfully as chasing, jeweller, engraving in metal, severing in wood, jewel and bone, carpet-making, pattern-weaving and printing, knitting and needlework. Azerbaijani garnishing arts possess occurred listed by traders, travellers and negotiators.

       carpets

Azerbaijan is a chronological centre of carpet-weaving. Archaeological proof suggests carpet-weaving (in addition to farming, stock-raising, metalworking, pottery and ceramics) charming to the 2nd millennium BC.

a: Baku mats

Baku mats are realized for the wimpiness of their substance, fierce colours, and symbols. They have about 10 motifs (comprising medals and geometrically-stylized plants) and are sent abroad.

     b: Ganja mats

Ganja rugs are remarked for their lofty patterns – fairly small in percentage, between eight and 20 structures. Gazakh mats retain about 16 structures. Gazakh District, in northwestern Azerbaijan, is the famous mat crop province and reports for the Gazakh and Borchaly carpet factions. Gazakh carpets retain a geometric lofty structure, with a schematic exhibition of grains and beasts. Ganja carpets focus on geometric motifs and the schematic exhibition of grains and beasts.

    c:Karabakh mats

The Karabakh mat, one of five crucial limited factions of Azerbaijani rugs, is nominated after the Karabakh region (present-day Nagorno-Karabakh and contiguous lowland territories). Karabakh mats possess 33 configurations. Due to the specifics of limited thread, Karabakh mats are distinguished by wide, big, downy stacks and vivid colours. They are distributed into four groups: with or without medals, namazlyk, and captive mats. In the hilly portion of Karabakh, mats stood prepared in Malybeili, Muradkhanly, Dashbulakh, Jebrail, Goradis and numerous extra townlets.

    d:Shirvan mats.

Shirvan is one of Azerbaijan’s head-aged countries. Carpet-weaving is common among stagnant and mobile inhabitants. The Shirvan academy catalogues for rugs are produced in the fan’s boroughs and villages: Shemaha, Maraza, Akhsu, and Kurdamir. The academy has 25 configurations; Salyan mats, with comparable cultural and specialized characteristics, are also comprised. Shirvan mats are distinguished by sophisticated layouts portraying ordinary vitality, birds, and civilization.

  Nowruz, additional vacations and characters

Novruz is a formal Persian limited vacation, enjoying the New Year and beginning, which is discerned on the vernal equinox (March 21–22). It signifies rebirth and fertility.

Festivals, influenced by Zoroastrianism, resemble those in Iran. Trials commence extended before the outing with housecleaning, tree-planting, dressmaking, egg-painting, and the baking of pastries such as shekerbura, baklava and local cooking. Like different provinces which celebrate Novruz, wheat is fried with raisins (kishmish) and nuts (govurga). Wheat flowers (semeni) are necessary. In tribute to fire-worshipping (an ancient Zoroastrian practice), every Tuesday of the four weeks before the holiday kids jump over minor bonfires and candles occur lit (a tradition budgeted with Iran, where it is known as Chahar-Dushanbe sori). On Novruz eve, the tombs of families are attended to and tended. That dusk, the gang piles around the vacation chart spread with Novruz plates. The vacation survives for numerous days, expiring with dancing, tune and sports.

During the Soviet age, the party of Novruz was unofficial and periodically prohibited. Back in Azerbaijani liberation, Novruz has occurred as a social vacation. All Tuesday of the preceding four weeks is committed to one of the four elements: liquid, flame, soil and storm

Different civil and formal festivals comprise Ramadan, Women’s Day, Ramazan Bayrami, Gurban Bayrami, Republic Day, Constitution Day, Victory Day, Armed Forces Day, Salvation Day, and Flag Day. In simple areas, harvests are celebrated. Monument and reminder days include Black January, the remembrance of the Khojaly massacre, and the March Days.

Identities comprise the eight-pointed star integrated with the fire element in the nationwide symbol. The government’s flag proposes to the late Azerbaijan Democratic Republic. “Azərbaycan marşı”, its nationwide anthem, existed inscribed by Ahmad Javad with a melody by Uzeyir Hajibeyov.

        literature

Azerbaijani literature is inscribed in Azerbaijani, Azerbaijan’s earth terminology. Its intimate families are Turkish and Turkmen. Azeri, an Oghuz language (a sub-branch of the Turkic languages), is mutually discernible from other Oghuz dialects talked in Turkey, Iran, Turkmenistan, Georgia, Uzbekistan, Aand Afghanistan, Russia, the Balkans and the Middle East.

The wording was conducted with the onset and fee of ripples of Turkic civilizations from Central Asia over various centuries. The indigenous language of the nation around the Aras prevailed in a recipe of Iranian Tati, Talyshi, and Armenian; Talyshi is yet enunciated in parts of Azerbaijan. With the increasing distinction of Turkic sovereigns, the region’s language was slowly instilled with Turkic. As an effect of the Soviet Union’s language policy, Russian is widely uttered as a second language.

Independent for the Book of Dede Korkut (which may date to the 9th century and was first transcribed by the 14th century), the fastest recollected chart in Azeri literature is Pur Hasan Asfaraini, who comprised a diwan of Persian and Turkic ghazal He rented his name for the Persian ghazals and the pen title Hasan Oghlu for his Turkic poem Nizami Ganjavi (born in Ganja) is contemplated as the greatest romantic poem author in Persian literature, carrying a colloquial, rational attitude to the Persian epic

During the 14th century, what constitutes the present-day Republic of Azerbaijan was ordered by the Qara Qoyunlu and Aq Qoyunlu Turkic tribal confederacies. Writers of this time contained Kadi Burhan al-Din, Haqiqi (the cage caption of Jahan Shah), and Habibi. At the end of the century prevailed the onslaught of the educated entertainment of Imadaddin Nasimi, one of the greatest Turkic Hurufi poets[42] and a prominent early diwan teacher who also inscribed in Persian and Arabic

      Soviet-era

Beneath Soviet decree, especially under Joseph Stalin, Azeri journalists who fulfilled not harmonize with the Communist Party line were oppressed. Bolsheviks attempted to demolish the nationalist, intelligent nobility who had become founded during the short-lived Azerbaijan Democratic Republic and, during the 1930s, many journalists and teachers became agents for Soviet promotion.

 Significances

Persian and Arabic letters have affected Azeri literature, extremely during its classical era. Crucial Persian journalists comprise Ferdowsi, Sana

    Journalism

Mass media in Azerbaijan
In 1875, Akinchi (Əkinçi / اکينچی ), The Cultivator) was the first Azeri journal circulated in the Russian Empire. It was based on Hasan bey Zardabi, a journalist and education advocate. Washington Post footnote noted that several Azerbaijani reporters, bloggers, advisers, and human-rights activists have been subjected to voluble pretrial incarceration for their judgment of President Ilham Aliyev and other government authorities.

       cultural  reforms

Back its freedom, Azerbaijan has taken amounts to maintain its artistic significance, enrich its artistic life and cooperate with multinational companies in this area. Statuten adopaccepted the Azerbaijani Parliament in the realm of society, including
repairing the Azerbaijani alphabet based on Latin script (25 December 1991); mass media (21 July 1992); invention (10 September 1993); advertising (3 October 1997); culture (6 February 1998); security of historical and artistic statues10 April 1998); grants (17 April 1998); freedom of information (19 June 1998); cinematography (3 July 1998); monument (3 July 1998); tourism (4 July 1999); urban planning (11 June 1999); National Archive Fund (22 June 1999); mass media (8 February 2000); museums (24 March 2000), and publishing.[57] Legal preservation of historical and cultural shrines is also delineated in multinational manuscripts, comprising the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict, the 1970 UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Curving the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property, and the 1995 UNIDROIT Convention on Stolen or Illegally Shipped Cultural Objects.

The Ministry of Culture and Tourism was founded in a 2006 statute by President Ilham Aliyev. In addition to preserving the national population internally, Azerbaijan cooperates with multinational companies such as the UN, UNESCO, the Islamic World Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO) and the Council of Europe to compose a global cultural system and participates in multinational ventures.

Azerbaijan enrolled on the European Heritage Days mission, commenced by the Council of Europe and the European Union, in 2000. The European Heritage Days – 2003 Campaign was hosted in Azerbaijan from 26 to 28 September of that year. The march planned to open reclaimed statues, inquiry statues being reclaimed, exhibit and catalogue the 2003 International Photo Initiative, and supervise the European Common Heritage Program and European Cultural Heritage Campaign at academies and universities.

The topic of the 2005 European Heritage Days, carried out in Azerbaijan, was “Societies and peacekeeping processes”. It retained two events: the East-West Baku International Festival and a teenager shot war and exhibition.

Azerbaijan fulfilled a factor of UNESCO in 1992, and the UNESCO National Commission in Azerbaijan (within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs) stood created by the statute of President Heydar Aliyev in 1994. Azerbaijan united UNESCO meetings on the protection of artistic significances and lineage, the glory of specialities in taller teaching, certifications and levels, and the saving of metaphysical artistic heritage.

Baku’s Old City (with the Palace of the Shirvanshahs and Maiden Tower) existed comprised on the World Heritage List in 2000
and Gobustan National Park in 2007.
Mugham breathed acknowledged a composition of humanity and metaphysical lineage in 2003, and the composition of Azerbaijani Ashiq, Novruz, Azerbaijani pad intertwining, craftsmanship and feat of the Tar, Chovgan, Kelaghayi, the copper craftsmanship of Lahij and flatbread preparing and sharing possess occurred inscribed on the UNESCO Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage

Shows, jubilees, meetings and fora, conventions and committees, meetings and gatherings were organized within the contour of UNESCO to proclaim the 500th anniversary of the labour of Fuzuli (1996), the 1300th anniversary of the Book of Dede Korkut (2000), the 800th anniversary of the advent of Nasraddin Tusi (2001), the 200th anniversary of the advent of Mirza Kazimbey (2002), the 100th anniversary of the beginning of Mir Jalal Pashayev (2008), the 900th anniversary of the attainments of Mahsati (2013), and the 100th anniversary of Uzeyir Hajibeyli’s lyric humour Arshin Mal Alan (2013).In 2013, UNESCO and Azerbaijan endorsed a frame consensus on cooperation in the lawns of schooling, science, society

  faith

Approximately 93 per cent of Azerbaijan’s society is nominally Muslim, and about five per cent of the society goes to the Russian Orthodox Church. Muslim pastoral tradition is somewhat poor, and Muslim temperament manages to be established further on culture and race than on belief. The Muslim society is about 70 per cent Shia and 30 per cent Sunni, with distinctions not specified nattily. Fairly-large expatriate Christian and Muslim populations survive in Baku, the property, and are mainly licensed to cherish willingly.

      Christianity

    Christianity in Azerbaijan

Roughly 3.1% to 4.8% of Azerbaijan’s people are nominally Christians, an assessment of between 280,000 and 450,000. Orthodoxy is depicted in Azerbaijan by the Russian and Georgian Orthodox Churches. The Russian Orthodox congregations are part of the Eparchy of Baku and the Caspian Region. The Catholic Church in Azerbaijan, under the ethical management of the pope in Rome, has 400 proponents; roughly match is inexperienced ambassadors or chores for fat companies.

 Zoroastrian church in Baku

Ateshgah of Baku, a Hindu and Zoroastrian temple
Judaism

   Record of the Jews in Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan remembers three towns of Jews (Mountain Jews, Ashkenazi Jews, and Georgian Jews), with a collective culture of practically 16,000. Eleven thousand are Mountain Jews, with 6,000 in Baku and 4,000 in Guba; 4,300 are Ashkenazi Jews (head of whom inhabit Baku and Sumgayit), and 700 are Georgian Jews.

     Zoroastrianism

Zoroastrianism in Azerbaijan dates back to the initial millennium BC. With the rung of the Persian Empire, it persisted as a predominantly-Zoroastrian commonwealth until the Muslim triumph of Persia in the 7th century AD. Azerbaijan says “Land of Eternal Fire” in Middle Persian, suggesting a link with Zoroastrianism. Glimmers of the belief are yet evident in Atashgah, Ramana, Khinalyg, and Yanar Dag.

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